Biography of Marcel Schwob (1867-1905)

Pseudonym of French writer André Mayer, born in Chaville and died in Paris. His vast erudition and incessant curiosity led him to delve into fields of knowledge as diverse as medieval history, astrology, and ancient and modern languages. His philological studies on the language of Villon and French slang and the excellent translations of the works of Catullus and Lucianoare derived from this last aspect.

Who met him has him the image of a man sick and surrounded by books at all times. We also know his loving passion for a prostitute in the Parisian underworld, woman who inspired her unusual prose poem entitled the book of Monelle. A last significant data complies the biographical limits of its short existence: maintained correspondence with his admired R. l. Stevenson, who by then was already living in Samoa. Schwob, by pay memory to the British writer, wanted to visit his tomb of distant Polynesia.

Schwob made a journalistic work describing life in environments that frequented - Paris end of century, that it shaped, under the pseudonym of Loyson-Bridet, in customs of the day (1903). Its facet creator was highly original, and the shadow of his influence remained - and kept - alive a secret devotion in writers like Valeryand Gide , Apollinaire and still very different latitudes, such as Borges or Arreola.

He wrote almost all of his work of fiction between 24 and 29 years old, an intentionally premise, clear prose aesthetic which should add their decided will be a different and original writer. He wrote two books of short stories. The first of these, Coeur double ("double heart", 1891), is devoted to Stevenson and consists of 34 stories of fantastic cutting Schwob beginning a journey through time to capture the terrors that man has been able to experience over the centuries. In Les vies imaginaires ('imaginary lives', 1896) - precursor of much literature of the s. XX - drew the portrait of medieval characters (goliards, bandits, philosophers, etc.). The rest of the production is made by Le roi au masque d'Or ('the King of the Golden mask', 1893), Mimes (1894), Croisade des enfants (' crusade for children, 1896) and de psyché ('the lamp psyche', 1903).