Biography of Hans Von Seeckt (1866-1936)

German General, born in Schleswig in 1866 and died in Berlin in 1936.

In 1885 he entered the army and already in 1889 joined the staff. In 1914, at the beginning of the first world war, he was appointed Chief of the staff of the 4th Army and was granted the title of Prince of Württemberg; He was also the head of the Second Corps of the army of Brandenburg, since he took part in the campaigns in Russia, the Balkans and Turkey. In 1915, being general of the 11th Army in Galicia and Serbia, became Assistant to the field marshal von Mackensen, next to which developed the plans that led to the breakdown of the Russian front in Gorlice.

From 1918, it was part of the Committee to discuss the terms of the Armistice. After the German defeat in the war and the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, Seeckt was declared outlaw, despite which took over, clandestinely, in the direction of the small German army, which reached the command following the withdrawal of Hindenburg in 1920. He then developed his theories on the mobility of the army, which would lead to the creation of the war (Blitzkrieg) lightning. According to him, a small army, fast and capable of fast action, consisting of selected troops, would be capable of facing a numerically superior army that combat in the classical manner.

Between 1920 and 1923, as Supreme Head of the army, he received special powers that made him virtually the absolute ruler of Germany. He tried to refocus the army to restore him, so did not hesitate to flout what has been agreed at Versailles and the Reichswehr from an offensive power to provide ever-increasing. In secret he reestablished control of the staff and the training of its officers. In 1922 he signed a Treaty of friendship with Russia with a view to the non-intervention of this power in a possible military conflict in Europe. He did some experiments with weapons of great destructive power, prohibited by the Treaty of Versailles, and revitalized heavy industry German, essential for the national revival.

In 1926 it was relieved of their duties due to controversies that resulted have admitted to a Prince of Hohenzollern in the maneuvers of the army. After that, he devoted himself to politics. He was a member between 1930 and 1932, from whose house collaborated with the nazi movement. In 1934 he went to China, where he became responsible for the reorganization of the army. He returned to Germany in 1936, year in which he died.

His memoirs appeared published between 1938 and 1940 under the title Aus meinem Leben and Aus seinem Leben.

JACJ