(Sa-am-mu-ra-mat) Queen of Assyria, wife of Shamshi-Adad V, whose death was left as Regent (such Regency has not been able to be demonstrated historically), given that their son, Adad-nirari III, was still under age. His short period of command was occupied by fights against the Medes and maneos, led by the influential general Nergal-ilia, and surveillance and control in the area of Guzana expeditions, in the upper Mesopotamia, which was incorporated into Assyria. Apparently, these expeditions were encouraged by Semiramis, what would make her a woman of great character and courage, above all to be faced during his Regency with the bid for independence of some of its own governors, among them that of Mari, of Shamash-resh-utsur name. The name and titles of the Queen appear in one of the commemorative stelae of Assur, which is qualified as "Mrs de Palacio" (zinnishit ekalli). Subsequently, the classical legend (above all the references of Herodotus, Ctesias and Diodorus Siculus) made this woman a mythological character, considered daughter of Atargatis or Derketo, who abandoned her on a mountain, where it was fed by doves. Married to an influential, courtly character in Nineveh, he/she attended a so-called war in the Bactria dressed man. Later, loved by the King, did not hesitate to kill he/she had son to reign alone. He/She moved his capital to Babylon, which beautified with sumptuous buildings and beautiful hanging gardens. He/She then undertook the conquest of Libya and even Asia, coming to China. His death, according to the legend, was cruel, he/she was assassinated by one of his sons. Another variant designates who was snatched by a flock of pigeons and taken to heaven.