Biography of King of Asiria Senaquerib (704-681 a.C.)

(Without-akhe-eri-ba) Assyrian king, son and successor of Sargón II. Although he/she had been appointed heir, the death of his father in Cappadocia created serious problems to reach the throne. Resolved them, he/she focused his reign in resolving the question of Babylon, whose throne he/she had inherited along with the Assyrian. In Babylon, a slave named Marduk-zakir-shumi II, taking advantage of the death of Sargón II and the flight of Marduk-apla-iddina II, had seized the throne. However, short-lived, as Marduk-apla-iddina II was able to recover his Government with the help of the Elamites. Before these events, Sennacherib reacted marching against Babylon, thus forcing Marduk-apla-iddina II to flee for the second time. Sennacherib put on the throne to Bel-ibni (702 BC), a nobleman of the Chaldean Assyrian education. Also in the area of the Zagros different Medes tribes had rebelled. Sennacherib was victoriously to cope with such a situation. The same thing happened in the West, where some principalities, encouraged by Egypt, tried to circumvent the Assyrian tutelage. To the South, Marduk-apla-iddina II was launched back to recover his throne, company waste, as the Assyrian troops prevented this is and was forced to flee by sea to the Elam. The have counted the Babylonian King probably with the complicity of Bel-ibni, Sennacherib put on the throne of Babylon to his own eldest son, Ashur-nadin-shumi. Already free (except for a few campaigns in the Tigris, in Cilicia and the Taurus), Sennacherib could retire at Nineveh, city that became the capital of the Empire and that became a real focus of art. He/She then prepared the final attack on the Elam, power which could finally defeat. However, after some dynastic changes produced in that country motivated by a Palace revolution, the Elamites were able to seize the son of Sennacherib and impose in Babylon, a King of name Nergal-ushezib. Sennacherib reacted violently with an attack on Chaldeans and Elamites and finally took Babylon in 689 BC. The behavior of the Assyrian king over Babylon was terrible, because its inhabitants were deported and their territory flooded by the waters of the Euphrates. Thus the Babylonian issue resolved, Sennacherib set out once again to put an end to the Palestinian problem (its cities didn't pay him tribute or is revolt) and to attempt the conquest of Egypt, company is that failed because of a terrible plague that stopped him in Pelusium. In Assyria, the disappearance of the Crown Prince had motivated a number of palatial crisis and deaf struggles of influence among the other children of the King, all of them aspiring to the throne of Assyria. When he/she was named the youngest son, Assarhaddon, had his wife Queen Naqi' to (Zaqutu), as successor, the other brothers (Assur-mushetiq, Arad-Bêlit, Nergal-Mu [...] and Shaditu) agreed among them their elimination. Sennacherib, warned, could send their child into exile for so free it from certain death. As a reaction, entreated murdered his own father when this prayed in the Temple of Nineveh. The book of 2 Kings alludes to that his death was due to one of the winged bulls of the sanctuary that the fall crushed the King.