Biography of Sethi I o Setkhy I (1305-1289 a.C.)

(Stkhy) Second King of the nineteenth Egyptian dynasty, son and successor of Rameses I, which associated it to the throne. Manetho called him with the name of Sethos and assigned 51-year reign, completely implausible figure. Today tend to assess his reign in fifteen years and few months. Given the peace of mind that Egypt enjoyed thanks to the policy of Horemheb and Rameses I, Sethi I, which as neswt bity name was Menmaatre, could engage abroad to thus restore the last Egyptian power in Asian areas. The external walls of the great Hypostyle Hall of Karnak Temple allow to know the campaigns of such a King. In its first year of Government conducted an attack on Bedouins shasu had seized various Egyptian fortresses. He/She could also undo a coalition of Amorites, Aramaeans and and get shot. He/She repressed an uprising of habiru (Beth-Shan Estelas) in this first campaign. The second campaign focused on ensuring the seaports in the country of Amurru, after which penetrated into the interior of Syria. The third dedicated it to reach the square of Kadesh on the Orontes, facing off here for the first time Egyptian and Hittite armies. He/She then fought against the Libyans that caused riots at the western border of Egypt, and the Nubians of Irem (Amara, Sai and Sayala stelae). His last military campaign dedicated it to expel from the area of Kadesh to the Hittite troops.

Sethi was also a builder Pharaoh: he/she raised a magnificent temple Amon and other deities in Abydos, restored works in Heliopolis and Thebes (Karnak Hypostyle) and built a Palace at Avaris. Among the characters of his time must summon the viziers Nebamon and Paser, the head of the Royal Harem Hormin and Nubian viceroys Iuny and Amenemope. His mortuary temple placed him in Gurna and his tomb - the greatest (more than 120 m in length) and beautiful (very rich paintings and reliefs with variety of topics) - in the Valley of the Kings. Before his death he/she had associated his son Rameses IIto the throne, had his wife yours, so succession was carried out without any problems. The mummy of Sethi I found in "cache" Deir el-Bahari.