Biography of José María Setién (1928-VVVV)

Spanish priest, born in Hernani (Guipúzcoa) in 1928, who was Bishop of San Sebastián from 1979 until the month of January of the year 2000, year in which the Pope Juan Paul II accepted his resignation. He/She studied at the Seminary of Vitoria and completed his career at the Gregorian University in Rome. From Italy he/she returned to his country as a teacher at the seminary where it was formed, and shortly after the priestly Social School of Vitoria.

At age 32 he/she made the leap to the Pontifical University of Salamanca, where he/she taught theology, public ecclesiastical law and law Concordatorio. He/She was vicar general of the Diocese of Santander before arriving, in 1972, in San Sebastián as auxiliary to Bishop Jacinto Argaya, to who replaced in 1979.

Controversial Bishop, throughout his career he/she has accused of tune with the nationalist world and distance itself from the other part of the Basque society. This, along with your personal message in favour of peace from a distance and from an equidistant position between the two warring parties, emphasized that fame of controversial.

It condemned attacks by the terrorist group ETA as the one held by the GAL (anti-terrorist liberation groups) organization with equal emphasis. In the early 1990s he/she defended self-determination for the Basque country, which raised blisters in Spanish society. This statement was followed by his public request for freedom for the Archpriest of Irun, José Ramón Treviño, imprisoned for hosting alleged members of the Basque terrorist organization. He/She was the INSPIRER of the third call via, a movement that is based on the rejection of all forms of violence but raises the resolution of the Basque conflict from the political theses of the radical left of the Basque country.

In the last years of his tenure as Bishop is overturned in the search for peace. He/She lived a few moments of hope for the ETA truce between the 16 of September of 1998 and on 28 November of 1999, made that eventually wear out the Bishop, attacked on the one hand society. This is how the 9 of December 1999 he/she wrote his letter of resignation to the Vatican, which was accepted in a time record, on 13 January in the year 2000. He/She was replaced by Juan María Uriarte Goiricelaya.