American poet, born in Massachusetts in 1928 and died in 1974. While he was a descendant of the Pilgrims ('pilgrims') who came to the new world aboard the Mayflower, his writing was not related with their ancestors or their region, but form really frank with their own experiences.
His first book, To Bedlam and Part Way Back (1960), was the result of a nervous breakdown; also contained in All My Pretty Ones (1962) poems are equally revealing. The same features are also evident in the verses of Live or Die (1966, Pulitzer Prize) and Love Poems (1969). Its dark and bitter views of life are more than obvious Transformations (1971), where he makes some new versions of the tales of Grimm, and The Book of Folly (1972), containing parables in prose and in verse. The Death Notebooks (1974) was followed by the poems of The Awful Rowing Toward God (1975), published after his suicide. Other books of poems that were published after his death were 45 Mercy Street (1976), Words for Doctor and (1978), and The Complete Poems (1981). In 1977 it appeared A self-portrait in Letters.
Literature of United States of America.