Biography of King of Asiria Shamshi-Adad V (824-811 a.C.)

(Sham-shi-IM or Sham-shi-U) Assyrian king, son and successor of Shalmaneser III. Shamshi-Adad V received power amid the upheavals of the civil war, caused by one of his brothers, Assur-Dan-Apli, who had rebelled against the father of both. Shamshi-Adad V failed to resolve the civil war, as he/she has in its Annals, although at the expense of internal reforms (the higher officer Mutarrish-Marduk enjoyed enormous prerogatives), loss of the Assyrian prestige among the tributary Kings of the Syrian area and diplomatic and territorial concessions to Babylon, whose King, Marduk-Zakir-Shumi I, had lent considerable assistance, although under a humiliating agreement. Reorganized his Kingdom, he/she could devote himself to perform a series of expeditions against the countries, among others, Nairi, Mannua and Parsuah, in order to maintain calm his northern borders and to make gathering of livestock (horses) and other products, according to the text of a monolith from the Palace of Nimrud (preserved in the British Museum). Then he/she focused his sights on Babylon, eager to take revenge. In the year 814 B.c. launched a strong campaign against the new King, Marduk-Balatsu-Iqbi - son of Marduk-Zakir-Shumi I-, who could snatch different cities (I-Turnat and Dur-Papsukkal,) among others. In the following campaign, returned to seize new cities (among them Der) and even some of their Royal residences. In this action did indeed prisoner to the Babylonian King and deport him to Nineveh. He/She still made a third campaign against Babylon, defeating the new King, Baba-Akh-Iddina, a high official who had made with the power and who also managed to capture. Got a major booty, he/she snatched the statues of the Babylonian gods and be autointituló "King of Sumer and of Akkad". After that, Shamshi-Adad V could set the new borders of their Empire at the expense of Babylonian territories. At death, the throne passed to his son Adad-Nirari III, but since it was minor, it was her mother Sammuramat (the Semiramis of the classical sources) who served as the Regency.