Biography of Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904-1966)

Hindu politician, born on October 2, 1904 in Mughalsarai, and died on January 11, 1966 in Tashkent province of Uzbekistan, which then belonged to the Soviet Union. The beginning of his political biography is their active participation in various "anti-British" movements, among them the organization known as "motion of non-cooperation with the British Government in the India", led by Mahatma Gandhi. Such a political career culminated to the elected Prime Minister in 1964, following the death of Jawaharlal Nehru.

Shastri was involved in the world of politics from an early age. As a result of their propaganda activities within the Organization of Mahatma Gandhi, he/she was imprisoned when just he/she was seventeen years, specifically in 1921. This was not the only time that his actions brought as a result his arrest by the British authorities, though, in spite of this, he/she could complete their studies in the nationalistic University, Kashi Vidyapitha, where he/she got the degree of Shastri.

Prior to the proclamation of independence of India in 1947, Shastri acquired important political knowledge in the direction of the State of Uttar Pradesh, known previously as a State of the United provinces, experience that has joined the already acquired on the two occasions that was elected representative in the legislatures of 1937 and 1946. Up to his election as Prime Minister, in June 1964, he/she held the posts of Minister of railway and transport (1952-1956), of Commerce and industry (1957-1961) and Interior (1961-1963).

As Prime Minister, its mandate was heavily criticized, because at no time seemed to find sufficient, necessary and effective measures to counter the severe economic conditions in the country, whose population suffered the consequences. Yes however, triumphed in the most important conflict of his period: war with one of its neighboring countries, Pakistan. The reason for the conflict was the dispute of certain border territories, mainly the provinces of Jammu and Kashmir, also known as Kashmir, which had been annexed in 1965. Shastri gave ended the conflict to sign a Treaty of non-aggression with the President of Pakistan, Ayub Khan, under impulse of the Soviet Union. The firms were in Tashkent, territory belonging to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). In this city, a few days after the signing of the peace treaty, Shastri died of a cardiac arrest. He/She was succeeded in office by Indira Ghandi, only daughter of the former to Shastri, Jawaharlal Nehru President.