Biography of Charles Scott Sherrington (1857-1952)

British physician born in London and died in Eastbourne. He/She studied at Caius College of Cambridge, he/she was Professor of Physiology in the University of Liverpool, in 1895, of the Royal Institution in London, in 1914, and at the University of Oxford, from 1917 to 1936.

Along with Jackson, created the school of British Neurology. He/She focused his studies on the Synapse, reflexes and cortical integration features. It underwent 50 years with dogs, cats and monkeys that deprived of part of the cerebral cortex and concluded that reflexes must be considered as an integrated activity of the whole organism and not as isolated reflex acts. He/She is known as the law of Sherrington who explains the distribution metamerica in the cutaneous innervation of the spinal nerve fillets.

For his discoveries on the workings of neurons and the integrated nervous system, Nobel Prize in Physiology and medicine, shared the prize in 1932, with Edgar D. Adrian. Sherrington is the creator of a wide range of concepts and terms neurological synapses, propioceptor, motor unit, etc. He/She wrote: The Integrative Action of the Nervous System in 1906, The Brain and Its Mechanism in 1934, Man on His Nature in 1940 and The Endeavour of Jean Fernel in 1946.