Biography of Georges Simenon (1903-1989)

French Narrator of Belgian origin, born in Liège (Belgium) on February 13, 1903 and died in Lausanne (Switzerland) on September 6, 1989. Equipped with an astonishing fruitfulness in the exercise of literary creation, is the author of hundreds of novels that won him the recognition of readers around the world, especially interested in the adventures starring her most famous character, the Commissioner Maigret, present at one of the most extensive police series of few have been able to build ever a writer at any time and place. Apart from this peculiarity, Georges Simenon is also remembered for the sharpness and brilliance with which knew how to draw psychic profiles of its most important characters, what has earned him unanimous recognition as the creator of the modern psychological thriller. Before fame and broadcasting world of Simenon and Maigret, many of the novels of French writer have been adaptations for the big screen; Moreover, its influence among the contemporary European writers (and not only among the devoted entirely to thrillers) puts you as one of the main literary reference in the prose of the 20th century.

His vast narrative production, consisting of more than 500 novels, was opened at the beginning of the Decade of the 1930s with the appearance of Monsieur Gallet decede (1931), the work soon followed that other many titles that, focused on the same protagonist, were consolidating the peculiar treatment of the genus devised by Simenon. Among the most original features of these detective novels of the French author, it should be noted, apart from the finesse in the targeted psychological stroke higher, the powerful spatial ambience (which almost always reflects with astonishing fidelity the mock and grey atmosphere of the interior and provincial France); the thoughts of the protagonist about loneliness, thematic element which, throughout the series, it becomes one of the main structural components of the Maigret novels; the charm and the genius of the protagonist, which - as explained below - does not seem anything other classic detective (as Hercules Poirot or Sherlock Holmes) or detective novel, always more distant, envarados and cocky; and, ultimately, pessimism latent in every one of the acts by the Commissioner, who is shown repeatedly desolate face wrong-headed evil forces, again and again, in defeating it.

Stresses, therefore, the figure of a Georges Simenon who chooses his works up a background for the benefit of its protagonist, who - unlike what is usual in the stereotyped patterns of detective - all the details of his life are known. Indeed, in front of other protagonists of detective novels lacking last (or devoid of biographical background that does not come to the case in his various literary appearances), Maigret have humble origins, peasants in the village of Allier, studied high school at different institutes that the reader knows, intends to follow the profession of doctor, then eventually just become police. His faithful followers are aware, also, of all the steps of his eventful career, from its beginnings as a modest municipal guard until his appointment at the end of his career, as the District Commissioner, having gone through all levels of the profession: Secretary in a police station, occupying patient of all charges that are marked by his rise in the hierarchy of the criminal Brigade to which it belongs andlittle before accessing the degree of Commissioner, brigade inspector, since since he starred in most of the stories in which he appeared. At the end of the cycle, the presence of a Maigret become retired pensioner, defeated and cantankerous Crown to perfection the human profile of a character much closer to the everyday experiences of the reader than those detectives surrounded by a halo of literaturizado mystery, like the already mentioned Holmes and Poirot, or, among many others, the C. Auguste Dupin created by Edgar Allan Poe. Perhaps for this reason, the greatest genius of Georges Simenon lies in the fact of having relegated to a background of important details related to these atmospheres of mystery that seem indispensable in other authors specializing in the genre, to concentrate all his breath creative on the will of a character who strives to integrate fully into environments where the crimes investigating have been committed, and identify as much as possible with its inhabitants.

Numerous titles featuring this sexy character, include some as relevant as you charretier de la Providence (the Providence, 1931 Carter), l'affaire Saint-Fiacre (the affair Saint-Fiacre, 1932), Maigret (1934), Le testament Donadieu (the Testament Donadieu, 1937), Mon ami Maigret (my friend Maigret, 1949), Maigret à l' École (Maigret at the school, 1954), Une (a confidence of Maigret Maigret confidence1959), Maigret et le clochard (Maigret and the tramp, 1963), Maigret dessus (Maigret hesitates, 1968), Il and encore des noisetiers (there are hazels, 1969), and Maigret et le marchand de vin (Maigret and the seller of wine, 1970). Furthermore, Georges Simenon found time and place, in his amazing creative fecundity, writing other stories outside the scope of the detective novel, as the titled Les demoiselles de Concarneau (ladies of Concarneau, 1936), Les inconnus dans maison (strangers in the House, 1940), En cas de malheur (in case of misfortune, 1956), Le train (the train, 1961) and Les anneaux de Bicêtre (the bells of Bicêtre1964). He also published other works of eminently autobiographical character, like Pedigree (1948), in which he recreated his childhood and adolescence; Tant that je suis vivant (while I am alive, 1978); Mémoires intimes (intimate memoirs, 1981); and Le livre de Marie-Jo (the book of Marie-Jo, 1981), focused on the death of his daughter. This tendency to remembrance and introspection was shown also in some short stories of Simenon, as the titled Quand j' étais vieux (when I was old, 1972) and Lettre à ma Mère (letter to my mother, 1974).

The influence of the peculiar style of Georges Simenon, evident in numerous European authors who do not have ventured into the cultivation of the detective genre, is evident above all in many others who have followed his footsteps theme, like Russian Julian Semionov and, especially, the Helvetian Friedrich Glauser(Swiss), known in his country as "the Swiss Simenon"who came to publicly acknowledge that he had learned a lot from the French writer and his detective novels.

As for abundant adaptations to the cinema of his novels, it is worth remembering some notable films such as in the event of misfortune (1958), French director Claude Autant-Lara, starring Brigitte Bardot; La Marie du port (1950) and three rooms in Manhattan (1965), carried out both by the French filmmaker Marcel Carné; and neighborhood, shot in Portugal by the Hungarian director based in Spain Ladislao Vajda. One of the novels of Simenon, Les fiançailles de Monsieur Hire (Monsieur Hire courtship), gave rise to two different film versions: Panique (1946), of Julien Duvivier, and Monsieur Hire (1989), of Patrice Leconte. Its attraction for filmmakers from around the world became clear already at the beginning of his literary career, when a director of the caliber of the ill-fated Jean Vigo left, his premature death (1934), a project of filming based on l'affaire Saint-Fiacre, published in 1932.

Logically, the international success of the novels of Georges Simenon has not gone unnoticed to the publishing market, critique and Spanish readers, which have been translated into Spanish, almost all the works of the French author, and some of them peninsular such as catalan, Galician and Basque languages. While it is impossible to list here all these titles, below an alphabetical relationship, the most exhaustive possible, Simenon novels published in the language of Cervantes: the appointment of the Newfoundland; The hectic Christmas Maigret; The Hangman of the Church; The Mayor of Fournes; The bitterness of the convicted person; The Maigret childhood friend; Anais; The old woman; The rings of memory; The anxious; Antonio and Julia; Arrabal; The murderer; The murderer of the channel; Red ass; The gendarme crowded; The dancer of the "Gay-Moulin"; Black neighborhood; Bergelon; Betty; White with glasses; The marriage of Poitiers; The white horse; The head of a man; Silent waiting. Dead end; The bells of Bicêtre; The Carter of Providence; Letter to my judge; Letter to my mother; The House of the seven girls; The canal house; The House of the judge; In the event of misfortune; The Saint-Fiacre affair; Cécile is dead; The circle of the Mahé; The city in the rain; Customers of the "Avernos"; The accomplices; A confidence of Maigret; A crime in the Netherlands; My friends crimes; Forty-five degrees in the shade; The blue room; The four days of a poor man; The late philanthropist; Sunday; The lover of Madame Maigret; The funeral of Mr Bouvet; Among the Flemings; Epilepsy; The iron stair; The number one lock; Maigret's scruples; The escapee; A strange servant; Strangers in the House; The ghosts of the Hatter; Felicia is there; Signed "Picpus"; The bottom of the bottle; An outsider in the city; A failure of Maigret; The fury of Maigret; The people across the street; The great Bob; The farm "breakwater"; To the last breath; The sisters Lacroix; The brothers Rico; The son; The son of Cardinaud; The son of a watchmaker. The man from the Eiffel Tower; The man from London; The man's dog; The man who looked at passing trains; The report of the gendarme; Inspector cadaver; Investigations of Maigret; El ladrón de Maigret; Liberty Bar; Rain; The Madwoman of Maigret; The madman of Bergerac; Red lights; Maigret; Maigret with death on the heels; Maigret in the Flemish House; Maigret at the "Picratt's"; Maigret at the hearing; Maigret in the underworld; Maigret in the domains of the "coroner"; Maigret in New York; Maigret in Vichy; Maigret is defended; Maigret sports; Maigret is angry; Maigret is wrong; Maigret tend a loop; Maigret is afraid; Maigret hesitates; Maigret and the killer; Maigret and the case of the Minister; Maigret and the Nahout case; Maigret and the client on Saturday; Maigret and the confidant; Maigret and the headless body; Maigret and the odd tramp; Maigret and the false guilty; Maigret and the ghost; Maigret and the gigolo; Maigret and the man from the Bank; Maigret and the inspector no luck; Maigret and the lazy thief; Maigret and the wine wholesaler; Maigret and the canelo dog; Maigret and the third man; Maigret and the murdered girl; Maigret and the old lady; Maigret and the good people; Maigret and the elderly; Maigret and the aristocrats; Maigret and the pigs without tail; Maigret and the dead of the channel; Maigret and the recalcitrant witnesses; Maigret and Monsieur Charles; Maigret and others; Maigret and his death; Bad Moon; Bad star; Malenpin; The bizca María; María, of the port; The largest of the Ferchaux; Memories of Maigret; Intimate memory; The prying eyes; The death of Belle; The death of Mr. Gallet; Death round to Maigret; The black; The snow was dirty; The night of the crossroads; The courtship of Mr. Hire; The mat bear; The others; The patience of Maigret; Clandestine passenger; The passenger in the Polarys; The border crossing; Pedigree; The pensioner; The cinnamon dog; The Green blinds; Pietr Latvian; The Pitard; The plantation; The President; The banned; The door; The port of the mists; Criminal chamber; The santito; The Lord mouse; Ladies of Concarneau; Chinoiserie shade; The suspect; The cellars of the "Majestic"; Stan the killer; Streap-tease; Suicide bombers; The survivors of the Telemachus; The tavern of the two cents; The tavern in the port; The Testament Donadieu; Maletras witness; Witnesses; Aunt Jeanne; Anais time; Uncle Charles has locked up; The train; The train from Venice; Three rooms in Manhattan; Tourist of bananas; A tourist in Tahiti; Vacation for Maigret; The neighbors across the street; The window of the Rouet; The traveller; A new life; The widow Couderc; The widower; and the lost Mare.

Between 1987 and 1988, the Barcelona editorial Planeta-De Agostini published collection titled "Maigret novels", composed by more than fifty volumes. In the Decade of the seventies had also released another compilation of dedicated his famous Commissioner Simenon narrative series, published in ten volumes by the editorial Aguilar under the title of "Maigret novels". The same editor label started, in those years, the publication of the complete works of the French writer.

As a photojournalist was also remarkable. In January 2004, at the Jeu de Paume in Paris, an exhibition was held retrospective of more than 3,000 photos of the great Narrator.