Biography of King of Asiria Sin-Shar-Ishkun (623-612 a.C.)

(XX-LUGAL-GAR-1) Last King successor, Assyrian nominal of the general Non-Shumu-Lishir, which had taken power. Prior to his appointment as King of Assyria, free-Shar-Ishkun, son of Assurbanipal, ruled it had occupied Babylon, circumstance that led to a four-year civil war to the oppose him her brother, the Assyrian king Assur-Etel-Pi'ilani. The contest ended with the death of the latter with Nippur, which motivated that free-Shar-Ishkun abandon Babylon and was directed to Nineveh to occupy the throne of Assyria, much more important then that of Babylon. Shortly afterwards the Chaldean Nabopolassar, head of the country of the sea, with the hands free and taking advantage of the Assyrian internal difficulties, was launched to attack cities in the area (Uruk, Nippur), Babylonian achieving free Sumer and Akkad. Even in a bold RAID could lay siege to the own Assur, the ancient Assyrian capital. These armed clashes will be added the presence of the troops of the Medes, which, led by Cyaxares, the son of Phraortes, advanced over Arrapha, Nippur and finally Assur, city that could not cope. Nabopolassar, already recognized King of Babylon, in the light of these events, preferred to negotiate with the Medes; It sealed a treaty with Cyaxares, which was reinforced with a political marriage between his son Nabucodonosor II and Amyitis, the granddaughter of the mede King. Free-Shar-Ishkun could barely react to these actions. In 612 BC the Medes, Scythians and Chaldeans besieged Nineveh, city that, despite his initial resistance, was finally taken and sacked; Free-Shar-Ishkun died in the course of the battle. According to the Babylonian Chronicle, some Assyrian troops managed to survive and reorganized by an official Assyrian (who took the name of Ashur-Uballit II), were unable to flee the country from Kharran.