Biography of Steven Spielberg (1947-VVVV)

Steven Spielberg with E.T.

Director of American cinema, born December 18, 1947 in Cincinnati (Ohio).

The biography of Steven Spielberg is intimately linked to his filmography. Phobias, their tastes, family environment and its nature, illustrate his decisive. Some filmmakers built his work from the influence of their predecessors. If there is something that characterizes Steven Spielberg is the continuous search for new emotions. Son of a computer expert and a concert pianist, Spielberg was educated in Judaism with her three sisters, younger than him. He grew up as a shy, impressionable and scary child who took refuge in the monsters that his imagination created and that they were hiding around the House before the labor activity from their parents.

At the age of twelve, he decided to take command of a film camera family that his father had bought and began to roll small fragments in which his sisters fled from beasts, filled with tomato sauce. That allowed him to see small film was restricted to Walt Disney, that impressed you differently according to the movies. Never was a very good student, not very sociable. It began to replace the monsters hiding in the closet by his filmed fantasies and, with twelve, directed his first fiction film in 1959: The Last Gun, a western of three minutes and a half which ensures that you shot to get the badge of merit that granted the "Boy Scouts". Between that year and 1963 Spielberg recalls to have rolled some fifteen films of different lengths with his 8 mm camera, but all are not retained. In parallel with his interest in filmmaking, which was already becoming professionalism, is his talent for business. In 1963 gets mounted Firelight, inspired by the Dr. Quatermass, with a length of 140 minutes. The aliens already made appearance in his life. The budget of $500 was covered with a gain of 600 when fundraising closed the first night his father had prepared in a rented movie. In 1964 it is assaulted by a fact that precipitated her toward maturity. His parents are divorced and a year after Spielberg moved to Los Angeles with the intention of enrolling at the University of Southern California, where he studied George Lucas and John Carpenter, but his request is rejected and inducted into the Long Beach State College. During this time wheel several short films in 16 mm. and meet Dennis Hoffman, owner of an optical company, who convinces to finance Amblin, which roll on 35 mm. and in color.

When Sid Sheinberg - who was the head of the television Department of the Universal - see the movie, it makes Spielberg a contract for seven years to make television programs with the promise to give you the opportunity to shoot for the film in the future. Amblin tells the story of two people who cross the desert to the sea without crossing a single word, and was awarded in 1969 at the Atlanta Film Festival II and at the Venice Festival. His first film for Universal called Eyes. In her Joan Crawford debuted on the small screen with sixty-five years. Spielberg was only twenty-one. Among his works within the Universal television episodes of the series are: "Marcus Welby", "Night Gallery", "the Angeles 2017" or "Colombo", but television requires an exhausting effort to finish doing what others want. Spielberg was not satisfied with this experience and tried to return to the format 16 mm., although it did not get funding.

However, precisely thanks to television, his career took a turn. His work the devil on wheels tells the story of a mysterious truck that chases a man (Dennis Weaver), circulating quietly in his car. Filmed almost without dialogue, he revisits the taste of Spielberg for making the image to copper force alone, as it was already intended at Amblin. When premiered on television (1951) criticism and the public they turned in such a way that the Universal decided to release it in European cinemas. To do so, Spielberg had to extend the length of 74 minutes to 90 and extend the television format to the film with the consequent loss of quality. But this not decreased at all its impact. The contract with Universal made endless Spielberg. Although he would occasionally roll for other chains with permission, at the end of his latest work - a pilot episode entitled "Savage" - was released.

To shoot crazy evasion, its first official film for the cinema, had more freedom working for television. But despite the favorable reviews and a best screenplay award at Cannes, the public not enthused with the leak of a couple persecuted by the police and praised by the press, and was a commercial failure. His next film was shark, project that fell just read the manuscript. He shot 16 kilometres from the coast, with three sharks each weighing a ton. The day was quite an event; It was the first Spielberg movie rated as the highest grossing in history. It would not be the last.

His next film, encounters in the third phase, will cause some headaches because of the screenwriters, who failed to capture the idea that he had. The light, an indispensable element in the Filmography of Spielberg, no longer as special effect, but as itself part of the narration, met here one of its moments of greatest prominence, to the end of having to ask for all the energy that was available in the city of Mobile, Alabama, which was joined by generators and arches that had in Hollywood. The film, which had among its deal with the French director François Truffaut was a success and served him to Spielberg, after the failure of 1941, to compensate the Universal doing a Special Edition.

From moment in the career of Spielberg began to stringing a series of titles of great commercial impact, demonstrating a surprising clarity of ideas in dealing with stories as different as Raiders of the Lost Ark or E.T.; during the filming of this last writer shared dedication with another Spielberg producing, and which was, moreover,: Poltergeist, whose address had to resign, although take care of the installation. After producing the limits of reality along with John Landis, Spielberg returned to the adventures of his newborn hero and directed Indiana Jones and the Temple of doom, a fast-paced film that had elaboradísimos special effects. When Steven Spielberg read the Pulitzer's titled the color purple Alice Walker , he knew that this would be his next film. It extracted an excellent interpretation of the actress Whoopi Goldberg and attempted to demonstrate that he was able to make another type of cinema. Although moved away enough of the line that was following so far, Spielberg thought that a personal challenge would be to bring it to the screen. He had eleven nominations but not a single Oscar. After this experience, he returned to television with a series titled amazing stories. He directed six episodes from a total of forty-four that made up the project, but almost all of the stories were theirs. His next work for the film would also be an adaptation. In this case, of the autobiographical novel by J.G. Ballard, Empire of the Sun, which had John Malkovichand Miranda Richardson in the cast and was the discovery of the young Christian Bale. This was the first great production Hollywood is filming, in part, on the People's Republic of China, which was the rest of the scenes in Spain and England, with a total of five hundred people working for the same movie in different parts of the world. In the third installment of the adventurous archaeologist who was entitled Indiana Jones and the last crusade, Sean Connery makes interpretive counterpoint to Harrison Ford, who in his role as young Indiana gives life the late River Phoenix. After which ensured that it would be the last installment of Indiana Jones, Spielberg reviewed their children's dreams in Hook, a story inspired by the classic James Barrie, Peter Pan, and who precisely lost its charm to grow the protagonist that was lost in the large sets built for the occasion. Not pleasing to the stalwarts of the work, once again became a box-office success that would be small to Jurassic Park (1993) who would share working time with more intimate film by Spielberg, Schindler's list. With an unusual length and shot in black and white, it offered the possibility to one of their best performances to Liam Neeson , and revealed to Ralph Fiennes as the actor who was then definitively consecrated in the English patient. The second installment of Jurassic Park, entitled the lost world, already had presence since the first blockbuster results from the previous, but it was not until 1996 after. The public enjoys the cinema as a great show or simply consumed all kinds of films, always looks forward the next film by a director who ensures that it makes movies that you would like to see, cinema that looks like him and that speaks of how is it.

Spielberg enjoy each and every one of the phases of a film: the choice of actors, the definitive formation of the script, the elaboration of the story-board and above all, the Assembly and sound. Derogated by many, he recognizes that he is not an educated man - if perhaps exponent of the culture of the comic-television kept you and preventing you to read and that his only obsession is to do what they have not done. This, coupled with the desire to never leave child and have earned a lot of money with this philosophy has caused envy, contempt and accusations. But Spielberg does not affect you. He does not resolve their problems going to the psychoanalyst, but making more movies.

His last great adventure is the production. In 1995 gives a bombshell in Hollywood to make public its alliance with Katzenber and Geffen to launch a great Studio DreamWorks SKG, which undertake a number of projects both in the field of cinema - real image and animation-films, such as television, video games, and everything that has to do with entertainment and leisure. You must not wonder that Spielberg is the first multi-million dollar Fortune among the professionals who are dedicated to the world of entertainment. His films have achieved more than one score of Oscar and are located between the ten over the blockbuster of all time. Steven Spielberg, for the moment, is one of the indisputable pillars of the American film industry, together with his inseparable friend George Lucas.

In the 71st edition of the Oscar, held on 21 March 1999, his film saving private Ryan, won five awards, best director, best editing, best picture, best sound and best sound effects.

Although Spielberg tried his luck with another Megastar like Tom Cruise in Minority report, his love affair with Tom Hanks has made that the Californian actor is the protagonist of three films with unequal Fortune: the already mentioned saving private Ryan, which was a great success of awards and box office, comedy catch me if you can, where he shares cartel with Leonardo DiCaprio, and terminalsweetened vision of the tribulations of Sir Alfred, a man who by a bureaucratic error ends up spending many years in an airport terminal.

In September 2004 he received the insignia of Knight of the French Legion of Honor from the President of the Republic, Jacques Chirac.

In June 2005, he presented the war of the worlds, a revision of the classic science fiction of H.G. Wells also starring Cruise; While in December of that same year he did the same with Munich, a film that tells the events that occurred in the 1972 Olympic Games, where a Palestinian commando killed two Israeli athletes and kidnapped nine others (which, along with five terrorists, would also die in the attempt to rescue by police). The tape was received skeptically by Israel and Palestinians alike, but was hailed by critics worldwide as one of the best films of recent years.

Filmography

As a director

1972: The devil on wheels. 1974: Crazy evasion. 1975: Tiburon.1977: encounters in the third phase. 1979: 1941.(1980: encounters in the third phase, Special Edition.)1981: Raiders of the Ark perdida.1982: E.T., the extra-terrestrial. 1983: On the edge of reality (episode). 1984: Indiana Jones and the Temple of doom. 1985: The color purple. 1987: Empire of the Sun. 1989: Always / forever; Indiana Jones and the last crusade. 1991: Hook.1993: Jurassic Park; Schindler's list. 1996: The lost world. 1997: Amistad.1998: Saving Private Ryan (the favorite in the 71st edition of the Hollywood Oscar, won five statuettes, including Best Director). 2001: AI (Artificial Intelligence). 2002: Minority report; Catch me if puedes.2004: the terminal.2005: the war of the worlds; Munich.

As a producer (in Amblin and DreamWorks)

1978: Crazy about them. 1980: Broken brakes, crazy cars. 1981: Continental divide. 1982: Poltergeist (also screenwriter). 1983: Gremlins.1985: back to the future; The secret of the pyramid; The Goonies; This House is a ruin. 1986: Fievel and the new world. 1987: The prodigious chip; Bigfoot and the Henderson; Our wonderful allies. 1988: who framed Roger Rabbit?; In search of Happy Valley. 1989: Dad; Back to the future II; Back to the future III; Gremlins II; Joe versus the volcano. 1990: Aracnofobia.1991: Fievel goes West. 1997: The peacemaker.

Works for television

1969: Eyes (Kurdish). 1970: The Darevil Gesture (episode 24 of Marcus Welby, M.D.).1971: Make me laugh (first chapter of Episode 4 of Night Gallery); The Angeles 2017 (episode of the series Name of the Game); The Private World of Martin (second episode of The Psychiatrist); Par for the Course (the sixth episode of The Psychiatrist); Murder by the book (first episode of Colombo); Eulogy for Wide Receiver (third episode of Owen Marshall, Counselor at Law); The devil on wheels. 1972: Something Evil. 1973: Savage.1985: amazing Tales (series). 1995: Spin City (production). 1996: ground 2 (production).

As an amateur

1959: The Last Gun (3 min 30 sec.; 8mm.).1961: Escape to nowhere (40 min.; 8 mm.).1963: Firelight (140 min.; 8 mm.).1965: Slipstream (16 mm.).1969: Amblin (24 min., 35 mm.).

Bibliography

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CANTERO FERNÁNDEZ, M. Steven Spielberg. Madrid, Ediciones Cátedra. 1993.

CRAWKEY, T.: The Steven Spielberg story. London. Zomba Books. 1983.

ERICKSON, G. The making of 1941. New York, Ballantine Books, 1979.

GODARD, j-p.: Spielberg. Paris. Rivages-Cinema. 1987.

KAHN, J. Indiana Jones and the Temple of doom. Barcelona, Planeta, 1984.

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