Biography of Anne-Louise-Germaine Necker Madame de Staël (1766-1817)

French writer, born in Paris in 1766 and died in 1817. His father was the politician and financial officer Jacques Necker, Finance Minister of Luis XVI. He/She obtained the title of Baroness de Stael-Holstein to marry the Ambassador of Sweden in France, Eric Magnus. Apart from being a famous writer, he/she rose to fame by its international exhibition of literary gatherings, created in 1797 in Paris (the Hall of the rue du Bac). The Forum, which was held in Switzerland, where the writer took refuge in the French Revolution, attended all sorts of intellectuals, artists and politicians of the time.

Staunch enemy of Napoleon, was in the castle of Coppet, close to Geneva, from 1800-14; from there he/she traveled to Germany, where he/she met Schlegel, Goethe and Schiller. He/She also traveled through Italy, England and Russia.

He did not return to Paris until the fall of Napoleon; and on his return he/she opened a new salon. With clear influences of the enlightenment wrote: letters on the writings and the character of J.J. Rousseau (1788); The influence of the passions about the happiness of individuals and Nations (1796); in these early writings exhibited a liberal state project in the English manner. These themes will appear again on the work of literature considered in its relations with social institutions (1800) and considerations about the major events of the French Revolution, posthumous work of 1818. He/She is the author of autobiographical books as Delfina (1802), thesis work, of epistolary character on the status of women - whose publication had to leave the country, condemned by Napoleon-; and Corina or Italy (1807), his most famous novel, based on the life of the controversial English heroine Corinne, that reflects memories of his journey through Italy.

His best work is the Treaty of Germany (1810), which consists of four parts: the first speaks of love, honour and culture, the second aesthetic theories, the third of the thought of Kant and other philosophers, and the fourth with a dissertation on the links between culture and morality. Reported the themes of romanticism, rejected the classical rules highlighting feelings; the book was converted point starting from controversies between romantics and classicists. He/She wrote a book of memoirs and a book of reflections on suicide (1813), ten years of exile (1821) which was published posthumously.