American writer, born in Pennsylvania in 1874 and died in Paris in 1946. It belonged to a progressive and intellectual family of origin commonly. He/She studied psychology at Radcliffe College, where he/she was a student of w. James. He/She then studied at Johns Hopkins Brain Anatomy. In 1902 he/she travelled to Paris with his brother and settled there. His house on the rue de Fleurus became a literary salon and art gallery, was an avant-garde House that attracted numerous painters such as Matisse, Picasso and Juan Gris, as well as writers such as Hemingway, F. M. Ford and S. Anderson, but not Joyce, with whom he/she maintained not good relationship. Her friend, Secretary and companion since 1907 was Alice B. Toklas (1877-1967), of San Francisco, and who became the alleged author of his memoir, The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas (1933).
His fiction novels include Three Lives (1909), whose second portrait, Melanctha described R, Wright as "the first time that is long and serious form in the literature the life of blacks in the United States"; The Making of Americans (written 1906-8 and published in 1925) a very long work understood as the history of his family; and A Long Gay Book (1932).
Tender Buttons (1914) is an example of his poetry highly idiosyncratic, which he/she said in his Lectures in America (1935): "I fought to rid me of the nouns. I knew that nouns should go in poetry as they had been in the prose if something that's all had to follow meaning something." The repetitions that characterize his poetry, his fluency, his prose without scores and their attempts to capture the "live time", owe much to William James and the concept of Bergson time and represent a very personal, but also influential version of the "stream of consciousness" technique.
His varied work includes also essays, stories of life in France, works on literary theory, a work of Lyric Theatre named Four Saints in Three Acts (first published in 1929 and represented in the United States in 1939) and Wars I Have Seen (1945), a personal story in a busy Paris.